Duality of Two Great Biologist: Contributions and Downsides

Carl Linnaeus and Gregor Mendel are two of the most famous biologists from different time periods. Both were pivotal in developing methods for classifying organisms, introducing new species into science, and blurring boundaries between disciplines. While their work is often overshadowed by that of others in their respective fields, Carl’s legacy lives on with his system still used today while Gregor’s contributions to genetics remain mostly forgotten outside select circles.

The “what is the mind-body problem philosophy” is a philosophical debate that has been going on for centuries. It is an argument about what makes up our human nature and if there are two different substances, body and mind.

Duality of Two Great Biologist: Contributions and Downsides

Being a scientist does not guarantee that you will not make errors. Even in their own fields of study, such as biology, scientists have produced significant discoveries that have provided us with a plethora of answers that our forefathers could only dream of. In this post, we’ll look at two of these scientists’ scientific accomplishments as well as their errors.

James Dewey Watson: Molecular Biology & Racial Scandals

American scientist James Dewey Watson was born in Chicago, Illinois, in April 1928. Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1962, along with Francis Crick and Maurice H. F. Wilkins. In 1953, James Watson’s groundbreaking study on the structure of DNA was published.

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Contributions include the discovery of the DNA molecule’s structure.

Watson continued his research into DNA, spending a significant amount of effort to decoding the human genome. He was the first person in the world to have his whole genome decoded. Watson was one of the first people to publish his genome, stating that by doing so, he hopes to kickstart a new age of individualized treatment.

Negative aspects include erroneous racial comments.

In 2007, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory relieved the scientist of all administrative responsibilities when he said in a media interview that African people’s IQ did not equal that of Caucasians, according to tests.

His statements sparked outrage in a documentary that aired on one of the television stations on January 2, 2019.

The IQ gap between Caucasoid and Negroids is dictated by gene differences, according to Watson, and white people are clearly brighter than blacks.

After his allegation of uneven intellect across races, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories in the United States removed 90-year-old James Watson of his titles of Trustee Emeritus, Professor Emeritus, and Emeritus Leader.

Charles Darwin: Biology & Consanguinity

Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, traveler, geologist, and biologist who pioneered the notion of the origin of life on Earth from a common ancestor through species evolution.

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Evolutionary theory is a contribution.

Darwin was the author of the seminal book “The Origin of Species,” which proposed the hypothesis of human evolution. Natural selection, he said, is the primary process of species evolution. Later, he established the sexual selection idea. He is also the author of one of the earliest generalizing investigations on human beginnings, as well as the first ethological research “Expression of emotions in humans and animals” and the notion of evolution’s causes.

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Darwin’s scientific contributions transformed science. Of course, his ego-crushing beliefs were not universally embraced, and they still aren’t. Despite the fact that Darwin’s results included a natural percentage of errors, his hypothesis remains the primary paradigm for the evolution of life on our planet.

Negative aspects include his cousin’s marriage.

Charles took the question of marriage very seriously in his own life. He would jot down all the pro and con reasons on paper. And he made the unmistakable conclusion that getting married was a must for him. Emma Wedgwood, his cousin, married the physicist in 1839. They had eleven children, three of them died while still in their youth. They were ill and frail in some cases.

The cause for these conditions was ultimately discovered in Darwin’s consanguineous connection with Emma. In several of his writings, Charles thought on the difficulties of closely connected crosses and the benefits of remote crosses. Darwin’s descendants, on the other hand, have had a lot of success in life. George, Francis, and Horace, three of his sons, were members of the Royal Society of England.

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The “mind-body problem psychology examples” is a duality of two great biologists: contributions and downsides.

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